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Celiac disease in patients with presumed irritable bowel syndrome: A case-finding study.

World J Gastroenterol. 2009 Nov 14;15(42):5321-5

Authors: Jadallah KA, Khader YS

AIM: To estimate the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in adult patients with presumed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Between March 2005 and December 2008, 742 consecutive patients (293 male, median age 43 years, range 18-69 years) fulfilling the Rome II criteria for IBS were prospectively enrolled in the study. IBS was diagnosed via self-completed Rome II modular questionnaires. Anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) serology was checked to initially recognize possible CD cases. Patients with a positive test were offered endoscopic duodenal biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of CD. RESULTS: Thirty two patients (15 male, median age 41 years, range 19-59 years) were found to have organic diseases other than CD. Twenty four patients tested positive for anti-tTG antibodies, and duodenal biopsies confirmed the diagnosis in all of them. Thus, in this patient population with presumed IBS, 3.23% actually had CD. CONCLUSION: CD is common in patients with presumed IBS. Routine screening for CD in patients with symptoms of IBS is recommended.

PMID: 19908341 [PubMed - in process]

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