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[Proteomic expression analysis of colonic mucosa in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome.]

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2010 Mar 2;90(8):564-9

Authors: Ding Y, Lü B, Meng LN, Fan YH, Guo Y, Shen Y, Chen S

OBJECTIVE: To explore the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and the regulation of the network relationship between differential proteins. METHODS: Sixteen female SD rats of clean grade were randomly divided into IBS group (n = 8) and control group (n = 8). A rat model of IBS was established by a special odor of mothball as a conditional stimulation and colorectal distension plus the classic conditions of physical restraint as a non-conditional stimulation in turn. The total proteins were extracted from colon mucosa of two different rat groups. After preparation of total proteins, solubilized proteins were separated by two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis. Those differential protein spots were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The identified proteins were classified through an online web gene ontology tool. Some of the valuable differently expressed proteins were chosen for further verification by Western blotting. RESULTS: Intensity changes of 19 spots were detected among 1396 protein spots. A total of 13 different proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF MS successfully; eight of these were up-regulated and five down-regulated in colon mucosa of IBS rat. The eight over-expressed proteins were cytokeratin 8, protein disulfide isomerase A3 (PDIA3), peroxiredoxin-6, cathepsin S, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein F, eukaryotic translation initiation factor, carbonyl reductase 1, glyoxalase I; five under-expressed proteins were alpha-enolase, transgelin, serpinB5, cardiac alpha-actin 1 and 40S ribosomal protein SA. The results of Western blotting confirmed that PDIA3 was indeed over-expressed in colonic mucosa of IBS rat. CONCLUSIONS: Some proteins related to immunity of intestinal tract, inflammation and nerve are differently expressed in colonic mucosa of IBS rat. It is suggested that immunity, inflammation and neuro-endocrine network in gut are associated with the pathogenesis of IBS.

PMID: 20367971 [PubMed - in process]

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