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Specific Alternation of Rhythm in Temperature (SART) Stress-Induced Irritable Bowel Syndrome-Like Changes in Mice and Effects of Drugs.

Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;33(9):1545-9

Authors: Funakami Y, Itoh E, Hata T, Wada T, Ichida S

Stress is closely associated with the manifestation and progress of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). For the purpose of establishing experimentally the relationship between IBS and stress, the transportation capacity of the small intestine in specific alternation of rhythm in temperature (SART)-stressed animals was studied using charcoal transportation method. The charcoal suspension was administered orally into the stomach of fasting mice. Mice were sacrificed after a certain time and %charcoal transit (%CT) of the small intestine was measured. The %CTs in SART-stressed mice were greater than those in unstressed or continuously cold-stressed mice. This increase in %CT remained for 1 week after discontinuation of SART stress loading. Cholinergic blockers decreased %CTs in SART-stressed mice. Increases in %CT by a cholinesterase inhibitor were less in SART-stressed mice than in unstressed mice. Increases of %CT in SART-stressed mice were suppressed by Neurotropine. These results suggested that the parasympathetic hypertonicity, not just cold, played a role in the increases in the transportation capacity in SART-stressed mice and that these animals can be a useful tool for elucidation of the mechanism of IBS.

PMID: 20823572 [PubMed - in process]

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